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Technical On-Page SEO Guide: A Beginner’s Guide

  • 19 min read

on page technical seo guide

In today’s highly competitive digital world, on-page SEO is more crucial than ever. With search engines constantly updating their algorithms, it’s essential to stay ahead of the curve and adapt your website to the latest SEO practices. That’s why I’ve compiled this comprehensive beginner’s “Technical On-Page SEO Guide” for 2023, covering everything you need to know about technical on-page SEO. By the end of this guide, you’ll understand the importance of optimizing your website for both users and search engines, ensuring higher rankings and a better user experience.

A Quick Summary:

  • Understanding Technical On-Page SEO is essential for improving website visibility in search engine results pages (SERPs).
  • Technical On-Page SEO comprises of site structure, URL optimization, page speed, mobile-friendliness and more.
  • Implementing accessible content and formatting ensures digital content can be easily accessed by people with disabilities while also optimizing a website’s onpage SEO.

Understanding Technical On-Page SEO

A person using a laptop to search for information on search engines

Technical On-Page SEO refers to the optimization of individual web pages to enhance search engine rankings and user experience. With the ever-increasing competition in the digital world, understanding the significance of technical on-page SEO and off page SEO has become more critical than ever. By optimizing elements such as content updates, title tags, internal links, and meta descriptions, you can improve your website’s visibility in search engine results pages (SERPs).

Headers, also known as body tags, play a crucial role in on-site SEO by providing structure and hierarchy to your content. Schema markup, on the other hand, facilitates search engines’ comprehension of information on your website, which is a key aspect of on-page optimization. Static URLs that are easily readable are the most advantageous for on-page SEO, especially when optimizing a blog post or other content-rich pages on your website.

The title tag is perhaps the most critical on-page SEO factor, as it directly impacts how your page is displayed in SERPs.

The Role of Technical On-Page SEO

Technical On-Page SEO plays a crucial role in aiding search engines to accurately comprehend and catalog your website’s content. Internal linking, for instance, facilitates search engine crawlers to access all pages of your site, distributes link equity to other pages on your site, and assists visitors in navigating your site.

Additionally, site structure is critical for SEO as it enables search engines to effectively comprehend and index the content of your website. These aspects, along with other technical on-page SEO factors such as URL optimization, page speed optimization, mobile-friendliness and responsive design, structured data and schema markup, HTTPS and SSL certificates, international SEO and hreflang tags, accessibility and on-page SEO, all contribute to a well-rounded and effective on-page SEO approach.

Key Components of Technical On-Page SEO

The fundamental elements of on-page SEO encompass site structure, URL optimization, page speed, mobile-friendliness, structured data, and HTTPS. Each of these components plays a vital role in optimizing your website for both human visitors and search engine bots. For example, URL optimization involves using descriptive and keyword-rich URLs, maintaining URL length and readability, and implementing canonicalization.

Page speed optimization, on the other hand, includes techniques such as image optimization, minifying CSS, JavaScript, and HTML files, implementing browser caching, and utilizing content delivery networks (CDNs). Mobile-friendliness is another critical aspect of technical on-page SEO, with Google’s Mobile-Friendly Test being a valuable tool for assessing your website’s compatibility with mobile devices.

Meanwhile, structured data and schema markup play a crucial role in providing additional information to search engines, which can enhance the appearance of search results and improve your website’s SEO. Lastly, having a secure protocol (HTTPS) and an SSL certificate can provide an advantage in ranking compared to a page with similar quality but without a secure connection.

Site Structure and Navigation

A diagram showing a logical hierarchy of web pages

An effective site structure and navigation system are essential for both user experience and search engine crawlability. A well-organized site structure allows users to navigate your website more easily, helping them find relevant content and providing a better overall experience.

Similarly, search engines can crawl and index your website more efficiently when it has a clear and logical hierarchy. This is where the importance of internal links comes into play, as they help structure website depth and facilitate search engine crawls.

Creating a Logical Hierarchy

A logical hierarchy is an organizational structure that arranges information in a structured and meaningful way. In the context of website design, it involves categorizing pages or categories in a hierarchical order with relationships that can be traced.

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Creating a logical hierarchy entails organizing content into categories and subcategories, thus creating a structure that is straightforward to navigate and comprehend. When structuring a logical hierarchy, it is recommended to use descriptive labels for categories and subcategories, group related content together, and maintain a consistent structure for all pages.

Implementing Breadcrumbs

Breadcrumbs are a type of secondary navigation scheme that indicates a user’s location on a website. They typically appear as a trail of links at the top of the page, just below the global navigation. Employing breadcrumbs allows users to navigate a website more conveniently, as they give a precise indication of the user’s location in the website structure.

Additionally, they provide context to search engines, which can assist in optimizing a website’s SEO. Breadcrumbs can be integrated by utilizing HTML markup, such as the breadcrumblist schema. This markup should be included in the HTML of the page and should contain the page’s hierarchy in the website.

URL Optimization

descriptive and keyword-rich URL into a web browser

Optimizing URLs is critical for enhanced search engine rankings and user experience. By utilizing descriptive and keyword-rich URLs, keeping URL length concise and readable, and avoiding random numbers or full sentences, you can ensure that your URLs are SEO-friendly and easily understood by both users and search engines.

Moreover, integrating keywords into URLs can boost search engine comprehension and click-through rates. The more information Google has about a particular page, the more accurately it can interpret it, which is where URL optimization comes into play.

Descriptive and Keyword-Rich URLs

Descriptive and keyword-rich URLs are URLs that accurately describe the content of the webpage and include relevant keywords, such as meta descriptions. They are essential for technical SEO and can increase the likelihood of a website appearing prominently in search results. By keeping URLs concise, straightforward, and legible, and including relevant keywords that accurately reflect the page’s content, you can optimize your website for search engines and improve click-through rates.

It’s important to avoid utilizing special characters and underscores in URLs, as they can be confusing and detract from the overall user experience.

URL Length and Readability

It is recommended to keep URLs between 50-60 characters for SEO purposes, with a maximum of 74 characters for the URL to appear in full in search results. URLs should not exceed 1,000 characters.

The importance of readability in URLs cannot be overstated, as it facilitates comprehension of the page content by users and search engines, thus aiding SEO. When constructing URLs, consider utilizing hyphens in lieu of underscores, keeping numerical values to a minimum, and including words that accurately reflect the page’s content.


Canonicalization is the process of structuring website content to avoid duplicate content issues and manage the indexing of URLs in search engines. It involves utilizing canonical tags to assign the primary version of a page and consolidate link equity. Canonicalization is essential for SEO as it helps to prevent duplicate content problems and consolidate link equity.

To use canonicalization, a canonical tag must be added to the HTML of the page that should be indexed as the master copy. By doing so, you can ensure that search engines are indexing the correct version of your web pages, thus avoiding potential issues related to duplicate content.

Page Speed Optimization

An image showcasing the importance of technical on page SEO guide in achieving good page speed.Page speed optimization is a crucial aspect of on-page SEO, as it directly impacts user experience and search engine rankings. With the increasing importance of mobile devices and the implementation of mobile-first indexing, optimizing page speed on mobile phones is more important than ever. This makes on page SEO important for businesses looking to improve their online presence.

By following best practices such as optimizing images, minifying CSS, JavaScript, and HTML files, and implementing browser caching and CDNs, you can significantly improve your website’s page speed and overall performance.

Image Optimization

Image optimization is the process of reducing the file size of images without compromising quality, in order to enhance website loading times and image SEO. By optimizing image names and alt attributes, you can provide search engines with additional information regarding the content of the page, potentially leading to a higher ranking in search results.

Furthermore, compressing images is a recommended practice for optimizing images for page speed. Tools such as TinyPNG can be utilized to compress image files, ensuring that your images load quickly without sacrificing quality.

Minifying CSS, JavaScript, and HTML

Minifying CSS, JavaScript, and HTML involves eliminating superfluous characters such as white spaces, comments, and line breaks to reduce the file size. This can enhance website loading speed, as smaller file sizes require less time to load. The process includes removing all unnecessary characters from the source code without impacting its functionality.

Minification can be accomplished either manually or with the assistance of tools such as CSSNano, UglifyJS, and HTMLMinifier. By minifying your website’s CSS, JavaScript, and HTML files, you can improve your website’s performance and ensure a better user experience for your visitors.

Browser Caching and Content Delivery Networks (CDNs)

Browser caching refers to the process of temporarily storing certain resources, such as static assets like images, CSS, and JavaScript files, in web browsers in order to enhance page loading speed. This can be particularly beneficial for returning visitors, as their browsers will already have stored these resources, resulting in faster loading times.

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Content delivery networks (CDNs), on the other hand, are networks of servers distributed across multiple continents that host images or pages. By serving content from the server closest to the visitor, CDNs can significantly improve page loading speed and overall website performance.

Mobile-Friendliness and Responsive Design

An image showcasing the importance of technical on page SEO guide in achieving mobile-friendliness and responsive design.

With the increasing use of mobile devices to access the internet, it is essential to ensure that your website is mobile-friendly and utilizes responsive design. Google’s mobile-first index favors websites that are optimized for mobile devices, making it more important than ever to prioritize mobile-friendliness in your on-page SEO efforts.

By implementing responsive design or creating a separate mobile site, you can ensure that your website is optimized for mobile devices and provides an optimal user experience.

Testing Mobile-Friendliness

Mobile-friendliness testing involves assessing how a website appears and functions on a mobile device. It entails verifying if the website is optimized for mobile devices and provides an optimal user experience.

Google’s Mobile-Friendly website. Test tool is available for assessing a website’s mobile-friendliness, and it can help you identify any issues that may be affecting your website’s performance on mobile devices. By testing your website’s mobile-friendliness, you can ensure that your website is optimized for mobile devices and provides a satisfactory user experience for individuals accessing your site on the go.

Implementing Responsive Design

Responsive design is an approach to web design that allows websites to adjust to different screen sizes and devices. It utilizes HTML and CSS to automatically resize, hide, shrink, or enlarge a website to ensure an optimal experience for visitors, regardless of how they access the website.

By implementing responsive design, you can ensure that your website is visually appealing and fully functional on any device, which can enhance user experience and engagement. Furthermore, it can also assist in improving your website’s SEO rankings, as Google currently considers the mobile-friendliness of websites when ranking them.

Structured Data and Schema Markup

An image showcasing the importance of technical on page SEO guide in achieving mobile-friendliness and responsive design.Structured data and schema markup provide additional information to search engines, helping them better understand your website’s content and improving the appearance of search results. By using structured data and schema markup, you can provide search engines with more context about your website, which can lead to improved search engine rankings and a better user experience.

In this section, we’ll discuss different types of schema markup and how to add them to your website.

Types of Schema Markup

Schema markup is a type of structured data that serves to provide additional information to search engines, thereby enhancing the appearance of search results. There are three available types of schema encoding: RDFa, Microdata, and JSON-LD.

Some of the most prevalent types of schema markup include product markup, search action, FAQ schema, and many others, with a total of 797 types of schema and 1,453 schema properties. By implementing schema markup on your website, you can help search engines better understand your content, which can lead to improved search engine rankings and a better user experience.

Adding Schema Markup to Your Website

To add schema markup to your website, you can either manually generate the code using Google’s Structured Data Markup Helper and insert it into the header file or utilize tools such as Shopify or Wix to add the markup to specific pages.

There are two primary types of schema markup: JSON-LD and Microdata. JSON-LD is a JavaScript-based format that is more easily comprehended, while Microdata is an HTML-based format that is more widely supported.

By adding schema markup to your website, you can provide search engines with additional context about your content, which can lead to improved search engine rankings and a better user experience.

HTTPS and SSL Certificates

Securing your website with HTTPS and SSL certificates is crucial for user trust and search engine rankings. With increasing concerns over online security and privacy, search engines like Google have started favoring websites with secure protocols.

By obtaining an SSL certificate and migrating your website from HTTP to HTTPS, you can improve your website’s security and potentially gain an advantage in search engine rankings.

Obtaining an SSL Certificate

SSL certificates are like secret agents for your website, keeping things secure and encrypted. Here’s how it works:

First, you have to get an SSL certificate from a trusted provider. It’s like getting a badge of authenticity for your website. To do that, you generate a fancy thing called a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) and send it off to the provider. They’ll do some domain verification magic and issue you the certificate.

Once you have that SSL certificate, your website’s security level goes up a notch. It’s like putting a lock on your door, making sure all the communication between your visitors’ browsers and your web server is super safe and private.

But that’s not all! Having an SSL certificate also boosts customer trust. When people see that little padlock icon in their browser, they know they’re in good hands. It gives them peace of mind while browsing your website and interacting with your content.

Oh, and here’s a bonus: search engines love websites with SSL certificates. They appreciate the extra security and give your website a little boost in the rankings. It’s like a win-win for everyone!

Migrating from HTTP to HTTPS

Migrating your website from HTTP to HTTPS is a process that involves a few steps, but it’s totally worth it!

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First things first, you gotta get yourself an SSL certificate. Think of it as a digital bodyguard for your website. Once you have it, you install it on your server, and boom, you’re on your way to a secure connection.

You will need to update all the internal and external links on your website to use HTTPS instead of HTTP. It’s like giving them a fancy makeover. This ensures that everything is working smoothly with your shiny new secure connection.

Don’t forget to add your new HTTPS property to Google Search Console. It’s like giving Google a heads-up about your upgraded security.

By migrating your website to HTTPS, you’re not only boosting its security, but you might also get a little boost in search engine rankings. People trust websites with that fancy lock icon, you know? It makes them feel all warm and fuzzy inside, knowing that their browsing experience is safe and sound.

International SEO and Hreflang Tags

If you’re targeting a global audience from different languages and regions, international SEO and hreflang tags are your secret weapons. They’re essential for optimizing your content across various languages and regions.

By diving into international SEO techniques and using hreflang tags, you’re making sure that your website is perfectly optimized for different languages and regions. And you know what that means? A better user experience and improved search engine rankings. It’s a win-win situation!

So, get ready to conquer the global stage with your website by implementing international SEO and those handy hreflang tags. Your users will thank you, and search engines will love you too!

Identifying Target Languages and Regions

The first step in reaching a global audience with your website  is to figure out which languages and regions you want to target. You can do this by doing some research on your target audience and using nifty tools like Google Analytics to see which languages and regions your website visitors come from.

Once you know the languages and regions you want to focus on, it’s time to optimize your website accordingly. You want to make sure your content and structure are tailored to cater to these specific audiences. This not only helps improve your search engine rankings but also enhances the user experience.

By optimizing your website for your target languages and regions, you’re making it more accessible and relevant to the people you want to reach.

Implementing Hreflang Tags

Hreflang tags are HTML attributes that tell search engines which language and region a web page is targeting. Why does that matter? Well, it’s all about optimizing pages for users’ specific location and language, which makes their experience even better and can boost your search engine rankings.

To get these hreflang tags working their magic, you gotta include them in the HTML of each page. It’s pretty straightforward, really. You just specify the language and region code, along with the URL of the page in that specific language and region. It’s like giving search engines a map to serve the right content to the right users based on their language and location.

By using hreflang tags, you’re making sure that search engines deliver the correct content to users, making their experience top-notch. And hey, as a bonus, it can also give your website’s search engine rankings a little boost.

Accessibility and On-Page SEO

Web accessibility is all about making websites usable for people with disabilities. And you know what? It’s not just a nice thing to do, it’s also super important for on-page SEO. So, improving web accessibility is a win-win!

When you focus on web accessibility, you’re actually making the user experience better for everyone. Yep, that includes folks with disabilities. Plus, it’s a bonus because search engine algorithms will understand your website’s content even better

Accessible Content and Formatting

Accessible content and formatting is all about making digital stuff easy for everyone to access and understand, especially folks with disabilities. It means using simple and clear words, adding descriptions for images, and making sure the content is easy to read and move around.

To make your content and formatting accessible, just remember to use clear headings, put in descriptive links, and pick fonts that are easy on the eyes. When you do these things, your website becomes user-friendly for everyone, making their experience better and even boosting your site’s rankings in search engines.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is technical on-page SEO?

Technical on-page SEO is the process of ensuring that your website is optimized for performance and visibility in search engine results pages. It includes optimizing the code of the website as well as formatting the content on the page to ensure better ranking.

What is a technical SEO checklist?

A Technical SEO checklist is an essential part of any SEO strategy, making sure that a website meets all the recommendations of search systems. The checklist includes analyzing and ranking the technical parameters of the website content and structure.

How to do perfect on-page SEO?

To achieve perfect on-page SEO, you need to follow best practices for length of titles and meta descriptions, target one keyword or theme per page, use keywords in URLs, headings, images, meta descriptions, and the first 100 words of your page, write unique and optimized content, and track keywords and topics for each page while avoiding keyword stuffing.

What are technical SEO strategies?

Technical SEO involves optimizing the technical aspects of a website such as making it faster, easier to crawl, and more understandable for search engines. This can involve activities like content strategy, link-building, and server optimizations that improve organic rankings in search engine results.

How can I improve my website’s page speed?

Optimizing images, minifying CSS, JavaScript, and HTML files, implementing browser caching, and utilizing CDNs can help improve your website’s page speed.

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